Electroshock is inflicting traumatic brain injuries

Providers at leading medical institutions are using a device and procedure that has no FDA testing for safety or effectiveness. A procedure called electroshock involves up to 450 volts to the brain and greater. In the past, it was approved only for use in severe depression and as a last resort, but not so any longer. It is being used for many conditions, and on our children, veterans and during pregnancy. Under the guise of help, it is actually inflicting traumatic brain injuries at a minimum, now proven in a court of law. Lawsuits are being pursued around product liability, medical malpractice, and against the FDA. There are billions involved in the U.S. annually. Trusted providers are criminally failing in their duty to warn, protect, and not harm.

Patients have been discounted in their complaints by their providers secondary to fear of litigation. They have been harmed under the guise of help for great profits. It is time to expose this despite the monies, positions, and reputations involved. I ask that ECT patients now be seen as TBI patients in their outcomes so that they may access needed rehabilitative services that all other TBI patients have at their disposal. The public is at great risk, and the issue will no longer be swept under the carpet.

Please see ECT Justice at and learn more about electroshock at Thank you.

Deborah Schwartzkopff, McMinnville, Ore.

No one’s vote is cancelled out under National Popular Vote

National Popular Vote opponents are circulating the myth that by ensuring every Coloradan’s vote counts equally in electing a president, we would somehow be acceding our state’s power and influence to California. In fact, just the opposite is true.

As one of the 48 states with a “winner take all” system of awarding Electoral College votes, California’s electoral college votes go to whomever wins the popular vote there — just like in Colorado. With 55 Electoral College votes, California accounts for 10.2% of the national total of 538. If the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact were in place, however, in each of the past five presidential elections, the popular votes for the winner in California averaged only 6% of the total popular votes for that candidate nationwide. So for example, in 2016, 8.75 million Californians voted for Hillary Clinton, which was 6.4% of the national total popular vote. That is a 41% decrease in influence!

The point is that the current winner-take-all system gives California and other mega-states an outsize advantage over Colorado and other medium to small states in electing a president. Under National Popular Vote, every voter is politically relevant in every presidential election. Every vote counts toward electing the voter’s choice. No one’s vote is cancelled out. And the winner of the popular vote nationwide always wins the White House. That’s a system good for Colorado and good for America.

Sylvia Bernstein, Boulder